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  • Di CoatesDeanna (Di) Coates lives in Hampshire, shoots air rifle from a wheelchair, and is one of our most successful disabled international athletes. 
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  • peterbreheny1Peter Breheny from Derbyshire shoots benchrest rifle.  He has Kennedy's Disease, a progressive wasting condition that has weakened his limbs. 
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  • vicmorris1Vic Morris lives in south Wales and is paralysed from the neck down as the result of an accident.  With the aid of an 'equaliser' device invented by his coach, John Kelman, Vic shoots pistol and rifle. 
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  • MattSkelhon1Matt Skelhon shot to fame when he grabbed gold at the Bejiing Paralympic Games and proved it was no fluke by claiming silver and bronze at London 2012.

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  • scoutwithprosthesis1This young Scout was born without a left hand.  When he took an interest in shooting, which is very popular in the Scout movement, Hampshire Scouts helped his local club to find a solution. 
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  • michaelwhapples1Michael Whapples from Leicestershire is blind and shoots air rifle.  In 2011 he was the first British shooter ever to compete at the Open European Shooting Championships for the Vision Impaired, held at Nitra, Slovakia. 

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  • stewartnangle1Stewart Nangle, a Lancastrian, is pictured shooting .22 pistol.  What the photograph does not show is that at the time one of his legs was fitted with a metal frame that was bolted into the bones. 
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Eye Testing

Competitive shooters should have their eyes tested at least once a year.  Consult a good optician or ophthalmologist who knows what is needed for target shooting.  The local High Street optician is most unlikely to understand the visual demands of the sport.  The following contacts may be useful:
J H Steward – very experienced in both rifle/pistol and clay target/sporting requirements; service available at Bisley Camp during major meetings
Sport Vision Association – this organisation has carried out vision analysis projects for the NSRA
(We will add to this list if further recommendations are received.)

Aiming Eye


Contact lenses

Shooters who wear contact lenses in everyday life can use them in shooting, and if necessary can wear shooting spectacles as well in order to achieve a good aim picture. 


Those who wear glasses in everyday life will probably need to use proper shooting spectacles.  There are several reasons for this:

  1. The aiming eye lens must be made so that the point of focus is the foresight of the rifle or pistol.
  2. The positioning of the lens for the aiming eye is critical.  It must be set up so that
    • the shooter is looking through the exact centre of the lens, and
    • the lens is at right angles to the line of sight. 
These last two points are vital to avoid visual distortion of the sight picture.  It is impossible to achieve this with everyday glasses for all prone rifle shooting, and very difficult for other rifle disciplines. 


One of the most commonly seen technical errors among those using shooting glasses is the lens set at an angle to the line of sight, which prevents it doing its job properly.  Another frequent error is having the lens touching the rearsight.

Lens not correctly set up W

Prescription lens attached to rearsight

This is permitted in some rifle disciplines. 


Rearsight attachment

In 2012 the shooting accessories manufacturer Gehmann introduced a “cylindrical lens system” which they say can be set up in such a way as to correct long/short sight and astigmatism, so that shooting spectacles are not needed. 

Gehmann cylindrical lens system W2


Non-Aiming Eye

On the one hand this eye is used for the spotting ‘scope and for watching conditions in outdoor shooting, whilst on the other it may be a problem if it is the shooter’s dominant eye. 


Corrective lens in shooting spectacles

If the eye needs a prescription lens in everyday life, then it can also have a prescription lens on the shooting spectacles. 


Eye blinders or eyeshields

There are many devices and options for preventing the non-aiming eye from trying to “take over” during the aiming process.  Most are very cheap and cheerful.  The most important thing is to use something that allows plenty of light to reach this eye; a piratical black eye-patch will cut off all light and cause eye-strain for the aiming eye, because it upsets the delicate working relationship between the eyes.  Outdoor shooters need to use something that still allows the eye to observe wind indicators, etc. 

Worn by shooter (all disciplines):

  1. Tucked under a headband/hat/visor; bits of ammunition boxes or torn off targets, a strip cut out of a plastic milk carton are all commonly used.
  2. On shooting spectacles; an eye-blinder fitting is available for most models of spectacles; alternatively, a very small dab of vaseline on a prescription lens can do the trick.
  3. On safety spectacles; again, a smear of vaseline is an easy option, or there is an eye-blinder fitting available.  

Attached to rearsight (those shooting under ISSF rules must use a compliant device):

  1. Home-made devices are easy to make; again, the plastic milk carton is a good material for a translucent blinder.  Large black blinders are as bad as a black eye patch. 
  2. Commercially available blinders come in a variety of shapes and sizes; small is beautiful and black is not.



Hot News!

DSP Videos

Videos on disabled target shooting now on Vimeo and YouTube. You are invited to contribute your videos.

Please Do Our Surveys!

survey Information about people and facilities is vital to our work (and funding). YOU can help by completing our People and Clubs/Grounds Surveys.

£250,000 for Clubs!

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Read about the huge increase in Sport England investment in grass-roots target shooting. 

International Development

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Read about how we are hoping to expand the range of international competitions open to disabled shooters, and let us know if you can help.  

Helpful Stuff

Vision for Shooters

For most shooters, being able to see well enough to aim accurately is the key to our sport. Our Vision Section has lots of information to help all shooters who have vision problems, great or small.

Funding Guidance & Information

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Need information on funding for any aspect of disabled target shooting?  Check out the extensive Funding section on this site. 

Advice for Clubs

EFDS Inclusion Hub is a free on-line resource created by the English Federation of Disability Sport for clubs that wish to become more disabled-friendly and include more disabled people in their activities.
More information

Disability Awareness

For those encountering people who have various types of disabilities, we offer a round-up of some on-line advice and videos that may help to put everyone at their ease.